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Is this patient high-risk?

Last Updated on February 27, 2019 by

A 55-year-old female presents with a low-grade fever, a new heart murmur, and Janeway lesions one week following a dental cleaning, and a preliminary diagnosis of infective endocarditis is made. Prophylactic antibiotics are administered prior to dental cleanings to prevent endocarditis in patients considered to be high-risk. Which of the following valvular conditions requires prophylactic antibiotics prior to dental cleanings?

A. Mitral valve prolapse
B. Aortic stenosis
C. Bicuspid aortic valve
D. Prosthetic aortic valve replacement

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Find the answer, discuss this case and more on Figure 1.